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原型模式

这个模式主要用于复制对象,我们可以

要实现原型模式需要我们实现cloneable接口

public abstract class Shape implements Cloneable {
   
   private String id;
   protected String type;
   
   abstract void draw();
   
   public String getType(){
      return type;
   }
   
   public String getId() {
      return id;
   }
   
   public void setId(String id) {
      this.id = id;
   }
   
   public Object clone() {
      Object clone = null;
      try {
         clone = super.clone();
      } catch (CloneNotSupportedException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
      return clone;
   }
}

然后我们创建不同的类去扩展

public class Rectangle extends Shape {
 
   public Rectangle(){
     type = "Rectangle";
   }
 
   @Override
   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Inside Rectangle::draw() method.");
   }
}
public class Square extends Shape {
 
   public Square(){
     type = "Square";
   }
 
   @Override
   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Inside Square::draw() method.");
   }
}
public class Circle extends Shape {
 
   public Circle(){
     type = "Circle";
   }
 
   @Override
   public void draw() {
      System.out.println("Inside Circle::draw() method.");
   }
}

我们创建类的时候,可以从数据库中获取,然后存储到Hashtable中

import java.util.Hashtable;
 
public class ShapeCache {
  
   private static Hashtable<String, Shape> shapeMap 
      = new Hashtable<String, Shape>();
 
   public static Shape getShape(String shapeId) {
      Shape cachedShape = shapeMap.get(shapeId);
      return (Shape) cachedShape.clone();
   }
 
   // 对每种形状都运行数据库查询,并创建该形状
   // shapeMap.put(shapeKey, shape);
   // 例如,我们要添加三种形状
   public static void loadCache() {
      Circle circle = new Circle();
      circle.setId("1");
      shapeMap.put(circle.getId(),circle);
 
      Square square = new Square();
      square.setId("2");
      shapeMap.put(square.getId(),square);
 
      Rectangle rectangle = new Rectangle();
      rectangle.setId("3");
      shapeMap.put(rectangle.getId(),rectangle);
   }
}

5.PrototypePatternDemo 使用 ShapeCache 类来获取存储在 Hashtable 中的形状的克隆。

public class PrototypePatternDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      ShapeCache.loadCache();
 
      Shape clonedShape = (Shape) ShapeCache.getShape("1");
      System.out.println("Shape : " + clonedShape.getType());      
 
      Shape clonedShape2 = (Shape) ShapeCache.getShape("2");
      System.out.println("Shape : " + clonedShape2.getType());      
 
      Shape clonedShape3 = (Shape) ShapeCache.getShape("3");
      System.out.println("Shape : " + clonedShape3.getType());      
   }
}